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[Wine Trade.]

Alvará com força de Lei . . por bem abolir o exercicio de todos os Pareadores nomeados pelas Cameras dos Territorios do Alto Douro:  E crear para o referido effeito hum Pareador Geral para examinar com a devida exactidão a medida das Pipas, que se remetterem da Cidade do Porto, para transportarem os Vinhos vendidos, e comprados nas ditas Terras, e para as que servirem no uso interior dellas . . .  (Dated 20 December 1773.) 


(Lisbon), Na Regia Officina Typografica (1773).


Folio.  7 pp.  Wrappers.  

Following Pombal’s draconian decree of 16 December 1773 ordering that all vines grown near the River Douro on land better suited to wheat should be destroyed and that all fish farming on the river should cease since it might impede navigation, he issued a further decree controlling the size of casks.   To identify the manufacturer all casks should be branded with the maker’s mark.   He encouraged the reputable manufacturers of casks, but threatened those making fraudulent ones with imprisonment.  

“All opposition was ruthlessly repressed on a day-to-day basis by the stringent enforcement of the Douro company's monopoly rights, and more generally by the vigorous exercise of military and judicial authority” (Maxwell, Pombal, paradox of the enlightenment, p. 63)      

Marquês de Pombal.  Catálogo Bibliográfico e iconográfico, 702.



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