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WALTON, William

A letter addressed to Sir James Mackintosh, M.P. on his Motion respecting the Affairs of Portugal, submitted to the House of Commons, On the 1st of June, 1829.


London, John Richardson, 1829.


4to.  293 pp., (1) blank f., lxxix, (1) pp.  Recent half calf, spine gilt, publisher’s original printed wrappers bound in.   Some very occasional spotting, small slit in inside margin of p. 281/282.

In a speech in the House of Commons on 1st June 1829 Sir James Mackintosh, a firm supporter of established liberal causes and champion of Latin American independence, had urged Parliament to accept moral responsibility in supporting Dª Maria da Glória and D. Pedro and aiding liberal causes in Portugal.   In a lengthy diatribe the staunchly conservative Walton opposed any hint of reform in that country.   He traces the history of the Portuguese Cortes, and he describes its convocation in 1828 by D. Miguel after the death of his father, D. João VI, to settle the question of the succession to the throne, an assembly which then upheld his rights against those of his elder brother, D. Pedro, resident in Brazil, who held more liberal ideas.   Endowed with this authority D. Miguel began his persecution of the Liberals who still remained in the country.   Walton asserts that having declared himself Emperor of Brazil, D. Pedro cannot assume the Portuguese throne, and extols D. Miguel’s virtues.   England, he asserts, had already been over-generous in its financial aid to Brazil (Mackintosh had served as the chairman of the Colombian Association for Agriculture, which in 1822 sought to encourage British emigration to land provided by the Colombian government, but by 1826 the venture had failed).   The end lxxix pages contain the Appendices reproducing extracts of correspondence on the expedition to restore Da Maria da Glória to the Portuguese throne written by the British Foreign Secretary, George Canning, the Duke of Wellington, the Duke of Palmela, and other British and Portuguese dignitaries.   The work was translated into French and appeared in Paris in 1829.  




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