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[THOMAZ, Manuel Fernandes]

Carta do Compadre de Lisboa em resposta a outra do Compadre de Belem, ou juizo critico sobre a opinião publica, Dirigida pelo Astro da Lusitania. 


Lisbon, Na Impressão de Alcobia, 1821.


8vo.  23 pp.  Half calf.   With the bookplate of Luiz Pastor de Macedo on p. (2).   Title p. slightly dust soiled.

The article contains the infamous vitriolic attack describing Brazil as a land of Negroes captured on the coasts of Africa, of monkeys, snakes and fevers (pp. 13-18) which provoked an outburst of furious pamphlets and newspaper articles in Rio de Janeiro.   It was denounced by José Honório Rodrígues (Independência, revolução e contra-revolução, I, p. 78) as being “the most anti-Brazilian pamphlet in all Portuguese bibliography, derived from the crassest ignorance, the most traitorous incomprehension, and the harshest discrimination.”   The feeling of urgency among the deputies arose from their aim to lay down the foundations of the new society as far as possible before D. João VI’s return to be able to present him with a solidly constructed political system (see Manual Fernandes Tomás, A revolução de 1820, ed. José Tengarrinha, pp. 23 / 27), and on 4 July 1821 the Constitution was signed by D. João VI.  Though many consider Manuel Fernandes Tomás to be the dominant figure of the Portuguese revolution of 1820, by reason of his political successes and his influence in the preparation and formulation of the Constitution, he held highly controversial opinions.  

Innocêncio V, 422.   (Cf. Almeida Camargo & Borba de Moraes, Bibliografia da Impressão Régia do Rio de Janeiro, 768.)  



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