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[Press Freedom.]

Nos memoraveis dias 4 e 12 de julho de 1821 se decretou e promulgou a Liberdade da Imprensa em Portugal pelas Cortes Geraes Extraordinarias e Constituintes no Reinado d’ElRei Dom João VI.  Firmada assim a independencia como fructo do dia memorando 24 de agosto de 1820 que fará honra eterna á Cidade do Porto.


Porto, Imprensa do Gandra, 1822.


Small 4to.  (1) f., 52 pp. (with errors in pagination), pp. 41-44.  Later wrappers.  

When D. João VI returned to Portugal from his Napoleonic exile in Brazil in July 1821 he faced a growing tide of liberal sympathies, and most limits on press freedom were abolished in the same month.   Released from the constraints of censorship, the number of newspapers increased from only four in Portugal and Brazil in 1820 to more than twenty a year later.   The city of Porto was considered a bastion of liberalism.   The work reprints the laws of 4 July 1821 (pp. 3-37), that of 29 January 1822 augmenting article 7 of the former (pp. 38-39), the Portaria of 9 October 1821 (p. 40), the law of 17 December 1821 nominating members of tribunal for protecting press freedom (pp. 41-42), the law of 21 June 1822 regulating this tribunal (pp. 42-48), the decree of 16 March 1821 on material printed by the Lisbon Public Library (pp. 51-52), and the list of 9 August 1821 of the Juizes de Facto of the Conselho do Porto, who were responsible for ensuring that such press regulation that still existed was upheld (pp. 41-44).   However, censorship was reintroduced in the reactionary periods of 1823-26 and 1828-1833 (see Oliveira Marques, History of Portugal II, p. 36). 

Porbase lists 1 copy only, as does WorldCat.   Not in COPAC.


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