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PORTUGAL, Candido Justino de

Memorias das Principaes Providencias, dadas em auxilio dos povos, que pela invasaõ dos francezes nas provincias de Beira, e da Extremadura, vieraõ refugiar-se á capital no ano de 1810.  Ordenadas, e offerecidas a Sua Alteza Real o Principe Regente Nosso Senhor.


Lisbon, Na Officina de Antonio Rodrigues Galhardo, 1814.


Small 4to.  (26) ff., XLVII (misnumbered XXXVII), (1) pp., (1) f., 454 pp., including on p. 324  (folding), “Mappa de despeza que fizeraõ os enfermos emigrados nos hospitaes.”  Later calf (slightly scuffed).   Ff. (1-8), (17) – p. XVIII, XXVII – 24, 41 – 56 & 401 – 440 printed on blueish paper, tax stamps in some margins.   Small stain on p. 85 & in lower margin of pp. 263-270, inner margin of pp. 217/218 & 223/224 repaired.

A collection of the legislative acts introduced to relieve the suffering and to rebuild the country after the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars in Portugal.   Large parts of the country were devastated when the French were finally driven from Portugal in 1811.   Cattle and grain had been seized or forcibly purchased by the French and allied armies, the provinces of Estremadura and Beira lay in ruins, and refugees and displaced persons poured into Lisbon and other large towns.   Orders were issued by Lucas de Seabra da Silva, Intendent General of Police and Chancellor and a member of the Regency, to relieve the suffering and to rebuild the country.   Each diocese was asked to instruct the priests to compile a list of the needy;  legislation was introduced to prevent profiteering.   Details of money, food, agricultural implements and firewood donated by Portuguese citizens occupy 54 pages.   In Brazil the customs services of Bahia, Recife and Maranhão were instructed to remit money to alleviate hardship.    The Times reported that a subscription was proposed in the House of Lords in London by Marquess Wellesley, then Foreign Secretary, on 9 April 1811 and raised for “the Relief of the Unfortunate Sufferers in Portugal . . .” and Britain sent financial help and goods in kind.   The government ordered that lists of English donors and of Portuguese resident in England should be published.   Lists of amounts disbursed and goods distributed which had been donated by British well-wishers appear on pp. 374-386, 389-391, 393-402 and 407-408, including cattle to replace those consumed by the allied army and the invading French during the war.    

Innocêncio VI, 197, who believed that the author’s name was a pseudonym.  



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