A Calumnia e a Lei d’Imprensa ou a Liberdade d’Imprensa e a Estatuta de Pasquino.
Porto, na Typographia de Sebastião José Pereira, 1860.
8vo. 56 pp., with one folding table. Original printed wrappers.
The pamphlet throws interesting light on emigration to Brazil in the mid-19th century. Antonio Joaquim d’Andrade Villares in 1859 sued the Miguelist periodical, O Direito, for libel, vehemently denying the charge it had levelled against him of trafficking in white slaves sent to Brazil. He is quoted as stating that he acted as agent of the Central Colonization Association (Associação Central Colonizadora) of Rio de Janeiro for Vergueiro Ca. of Santos to contract Portuguese citizens to work as sharecroppers on the coffee plantations, recruiting colonists of between 10 and 45 years, for whom the Brazilian government advanced 18 milreis for each person, and 12 milreis for those aged 5 – 10 years, and sets out the exact conditions under which the colonist was contracted, stressing that no coercion was used. However, the writer points out that the colonists immediately incurred debts owed to the landowners. The Portuguese consulate in Rio de Janeiro complained of accusations of failing to aid those Portuguese who were allegedly mistreated. The folding table lists some 100 Portuguese, Germany, Swiss and Spanish immigrants and one Brazilian who had worked for Senador Vergueiro and discharged their debts, most subsequently having left his employment. In 1857 Swiss sharecroppers on Senador Vergueiros’s plantations had revolted.
Not in Innocêncio. No copy listed in Porbase.