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[Gypsies].

Alvará de Ley, por que Vossa Magestade he servido ordenar, que no Estado do Brazil, os rapazes de pequena idade, filhos de Siganos, se entreguem judicialmente a Mestres, que lhes ensinem os officios, e artes mecanicas;  e aos adultos se lhes assente praça de Soldados, e por alguns tempos se repartaõ pelo Presidios de sorte, que nunca estejaõ muitos juntos em hum mesmo Presidio, ou se façaõ trabalhar nas obras públicas, pagando-se-lhes o seu justo salario;  prohibindo-se a todos poderem commerciar em bestas, e escravos, e  andarem em ranchos . .  (Dated 20 September 1760.)

£70

(Lisbon), Na Officina de Antonio Rodrigues Galhardo (1761).

Description

Folio.  4 pp.  Wrappers.   Inside margins trimmed.                       

The law forbade gypsies deported to Brazil to trade in animals, slaves or carry arms, or to congregate in separate communities, on pain of being transported to the Islands of São Tomé or Príncipe;  their children were to be educated and to learn a trade, and the men were to become soldiers or be usefully employed in public works.   Despite draconian legislation against gypsies enacted by the Portuguese crown many prospered in colonial Brazil, and suffered less persecution than those in the mother country (see Donovan, “Changing Perceptions of Social Deviance, Gypsies in early modern Portugal and Brazil” in Journal of Social History, Vol. 26, No. 1 [1992]).  

Marquês de Pombal.  Catálogo Bibliográfico e iconográfico, 308.

 

01715

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