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GIRÃO, Antonio Lobo de Barbosa Ferreira Teixeira (Visconde de Villarinho de S. Romão)

Tratado theorico e pratico da agricultura das vinhas, da extracção do mosto, bondade, e conservação dos vinhos, e da distillação das agoas ardentes.


Lisbon, Na Imprenta Nacional, 1822.


Small 4to.  239, LVIII pp., (4) ff., 1 folding plan giving calculations for the sizes of casks & 3 folding engraved plates showing distillation apparatuses.  Contemporary calf.   Tiny hole in p. 239/240, otherwise a good copy.  

The work covers such matters as the cultivation of vines, precautions against natural phenomena and disease, wine making, the economics of wine production, wine production outside Portugal, and methods of fermentation.   In the prologue (p. 3) the author encourages winegrowers to sell wine to Europe and America.   The status of the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (the Douro Winegrowers’ Company) had caused controversy since the signing in 1810 of a Treaty of Commerce between Portugal and Great Britain.   The latter pressed for its abolition or at least radical changes in its Articles, and many Portuguese liberals believed it to be a monopoly which denied rights to others in the wine trade;  a Decree was issued on 21 May 1822 introducing reforms through which the company lost many of its old privileges.   The large plate showing an improved alembic was drawn by Gyrão and engraved by the Swiss engraver, Benjamin Comte, who came to Portugal to teach at the Lisbon Academy.  

Innocêncio I, 184 & XX, 244.   Simon, Bibl. Vinaria (1979 ed.) lists only in ms. facsimile Memoria Histórica e Analytica sobre a Companhia dos Vinhos.      



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