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FRANCO, Francisco de Mello

Tratado da educaçaõ fysica dos meninos, para uso da Naçaõ portugueza.  Publicado por ordem da Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa.


Lisbon, Na Officina da Academia Real das Sciencias, 1790.


Small 4to.  viii, 119 (1) pp., (2) ff.  Later half calf (corners bumped, top corner of front cover defective).  

First edition.   “This is the first book published by a Brazilian on child medical care and is very rare” (Borba de Moraes).   Melo Franco shows himself to be conversant not only with the most recent ideas in the field of paediatrics but also familiar with the latest social and political opinions of Locke and Rousseau (Wilson Martins, História da inteligência brasileira, p. 465 quoting José Martinho da Rocha, Nosso primeiro puericultor, pp. 264-65).   Afrânio Peixoto considered Mello Franco to be a precursor of Freud.   Born in Minas Gerais, Brazil, Melo Franco came to Lisbon aged 11.  He entered the Faculty of Medicine in Coimbra, and was admitted to the Academy of Sciences in 1787 where he became under-secretary.  But his enthusiasm for the encyclopaedists led to his being persecuted by the Inquisition, condemned in an auto-da-fe in Coimbra in 1781, and he remained for some time under house arrest.  

Borba de Moraes (1983) I, 320 & Periodo Colonial 140.   Bosch, Brasilien-Bibliothek,  245.   Innocêncio III, 11.   Sacramento Blake III, 45.   Not in Rodrigues or Welsh.  



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