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CASTRO, Bernardo José de Abrantes e

Carta do . . a Sir William A’Court sobre a Regencia de Portugal e a authoridade do Senhor Dom Pedro IV°. como Rey de Portugal, e como Pai da Senhora D. Maria IIª.


London, impresso por Thompson e Gil, 1827.


Small 4to.  40 pp.  Wrappers.  

As Abrantes de Castro believed that the crown should pass to the more progressive D. Pedro, he criticizes Sir William à Court's apparent absolutist views and rails against the handing over of power to the reactionary brother, D. Miguel.   But since the British Foreign Minister, George Canning, interfered forcefully in Portuguese internal affairs, and had instructed the ambassador to do likewise, Sir William’s position at the Portuguese Court was delicate.   He commented to Canning, “You have given me no sinecure here” (Wendy Hinde, George Canning, p. 380).   Abrantes de Castro, a physician, was appointed inspector of military hospitals in 1801, but was imprisoned by the Inquisition in 1809 for his involvement with freemasonry.   He fled to England, where he later helped to found the émigré periodical, Investigador Português.   On his death Abrantes de Castro left a valuable library of over 4000 volumes, described by him as being his only wealth.   Another edition with 30 pp., without the printer’s name, appeared in Portugal also in 1827, and an English translation was printed in the same year by Thompson & Gil, as was a translation into French printed in Paris by Mongie.   "Sir William A'Court, who later became the first Baron Heytesbury, was at the time British Ambassador to Portugal and took an active interest in Portuguese politics during the regency of the Infanta Isabel.   His sympathies with the absolutists' party were very much criticized by the supporters of the Constitution in Portugal and the Whigs in England" (Borba de Moraes).  

Innocêncio I, 380.   Borba de Moraes (1983) I, 169.   Ernesto do Canto pt. 1, p. 19.   OCLC lists 3 copies only.    Not in COPAC.


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